Design

Types of roofing (design) | The Manila Times


Gable roofs are one of the most common types of roofs in the Philippines because of its simple and practical design.

Part 2 of a series

THE term “having a roof over one’s head” underscores the importance of a home as a shelter. But it cannot be a shelter without a roof to protect the occupants from the elements.

As far as roofs go, materials and style may vary, depending on the tastes of the homeowner, which may also be influenced by suggestions from the architect. More than being functional, roofs also add appeal to houses. Aside from the colors and materials used, the shape of the roof is also a factor to consider. The following are the most common roof types in the Philippines based on their shapes.

gable roof

A gable roof is composed of two sloped surfaces forming a peak at the center. For a country like the Philippines where the rainy season is a regular occurrence, this type of roof is recommended as it allows rainwater to slide off easily. During the hot summer days, the design allows heat to stay at the higher roof surface, helping homes keep cool.

Flat roofs are also common in Philippine homes.  They are not necessarily flat and are slightly sloped to allow for rainwater to run off.

Flat roofs are also common in Philippine homes. They are not necessarily flat and are slightly sloped to allow for rainwater to run off.

This is often the preferred design because its shape is not complicated, making it easy to build. Building it is also inexpensive. For homeowners, the shape provides extra space, which is called an attic in other countries.

Pyramid roof

As the name suggests, a pyramid roof is shaped like a pyramid. Unlike a gable roof, which has only two sloped sides, a pyramid roof has four, forming a pointy tip. This type of roof is common on small houses like bungalow (one-story) homes as well as garages, gazebos and sheds. This roof shape provides homes added curb appeal, but this design requires more materials and can be costly depending on the type of material used and the size of the house.

One advantage of this type of roof is that it provides stability and protection against the wind, especially during storms. The four slopes make the roof sturdier than gable roofs. Like gable roofs, pyramid roofs allow for easier sliding off of rainwater during the rainy season.

flat roof

Despite its name, a flat roof is not completely flat. It slopes a little so it does not collect water when it rains. This roof type is preferred by contractors because construction is uncomplicated. It is also easy to repair if needed. Another advantage of a flat roof is its durability. Depending on the material you use, it can resist water and wind. Flat roofs made of concrete are sometimes used as space for various functions, for example, as a garden or a relaxation area.

Flat roofs are common as commercial roofing, but they are also found in many residential neighborhoods.

mono-pitched roof

Mono-pitched roofs have a surface that slopes to just one direction. Like a flat roof, it has a simple design that requires fewer materials and fewer man-hours to build, making it cost-effective.

Minimalist homeowners prefer this roof type because of its clean and elegant appeal. Environment-conscious homeowners like the design to install solar panels and save on energy costs. Furthermore, the slanted surfaces of mono-pitched roofs allow rainwater to slide off easily.

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